û
  
  English   |   Japanese   | cr  
 
 
 
 
 
α Ȩΰ ̺Ʈ ȸ/ ̿ȳ Ʈ
 

ȣ 464 2017/03/30
< SF > л



츮 õ
ٷ å 'SF '
ΰ, , ܰ,
"ܰ ϴ µ ȸǰ ǥ"
мҼ ߴ (SF, science fiction) ̶ мҼ̶ ̸ ã ׸ ƴϴ. 㹫Ͷϰ ⿡ ׷ Ҹ ؾ ̴. ϰ 鼭 м 䱸 ȭƴ. δ ſ Ҽ ߴ ÷ Ǿ ʷ տ Ÿ ֱ⵵ ϴ. 谡 帴 ̴.

۰ а ֿ ǰ 踦 鿩ٺ. ΰ, , ְ, ܰ, ֿ 縦 ٷµ, мҼ þ ޸ и <˽Ÿ>(1818) 21 ̾ ȭ Ϻ ִϸ̼ǰ ѱ ȭ dz ڷḦ Ѵ.

ܰ 翡 Ѵ. ȭ <Ʈ> ׵ â Ҽ λ ̾߱⡯ , η ܰ ó ´ڶ߸ Ȳ ۰ ڱ Դ. ̾ 밳 ¸ 幰Դ ܰ ¸ ǰų, 幰Դ <Ʈ> ȭ 踦 α⵵ Ѵ. ׷ <ֶ󸮽> ۰ ŸϽ ̷ ΰ ̶߽鼭, η ܰ ϴ ο ö ϰų, ݴ ƹ ص ȣ ǰ߱ȯ Ұ 족 ִٰ Ѵ. Ƽ Ŭũ <󸶿 >(1973) ༺ ü Ÿ ġ ģ ܰε ΰ ׵ η ߴ ̶͡ .

Ǵ <üŻڵ ħ>(The Body Snatchers, 1955)̳ ιƮ ζ <ΰ ڵ>(The Puppet Masters, 1951)ó ī Ⱦϴ 1950뿡 ̱ ǾƸ Ȳ ұν ̱ε ÷ ߿ ǵȴ. ׷ ϸ 1980 Ϻ , 꽺丮 ̸ ḭ̄衯 ؼ Ÿڿ Ȧ ͺ̼ǿ Ϸ £ ΰ ȸ ׸ 迡 Ѵ١ Ѵ. Ư ô Ư ȸ ܰ ٶ󺸴 µ Ÿڿ ش ȸ ¡ ˷ֹǷ ̴ ȸ ǰ ǥ ̴.

ܰĿ ̻ ܰ ü Ȯ , Ӽ Ƿ ٲ۴. 1900 ̱ 27⸦ ߴ ÷ ڷ ȭ, ȭȸ . 츮 Ϸ翡 ٰ֡ ̰ ϴ ̴. ܰ ༺ ȯ ٲپ ΰ ϰ ְ ϴ ׶֡, ΰ ˵ ʰ ̵ ִ , ٴ , Ȧ ̿ ̵鵵 ƴ Ƿ 𸥴. ̴ Ѵ. ʴ ư 츮 ȭ .

Ѱܷ
ӱ
2017.03.24
[]

[å]ΰ κ ...SF ã
Ʊ⿡  ϰ Ű?

ǻ簡 ̸ θ𿡰 ´. θ ǥ Ѵ. ݹ߿ . Ű ũ ּ. ǻ ܸ ۾̶ ޾Ƶδ. ׷ θ 䱸 ϱ Ѵ. ʾƵ Ǵ ̸ մϴ.

ũ (SF)Ҽ 顷 ̴. θ Ѵ. ư ⼼ϱ ٶ ᵵ ʴ Ư ɷ± ߱ Ѵ. ӿ ͹Ͼ SFҼ θ 鸱 ִ. ׷ 󺸴 ξ ϰ ִ ϸ SF 谡 Ƿ ٰ ʾҴ.

SF θ ʰ SF 캸, ̷ Ͼ ϰ ó ȿ Ѵ. ĮϽƮ SF ۰ ̰ SFҼ ī޶ ̶͡ η տ ʴ SFҼ Ŀٶ ȭ ռ Ѵ١ Ѵ.

SFҼ ű ֵϴ 鿡 ָ ο ô븦  谡 ƴ. Ƽ ⽺ SFҼ 1984 ũ ̸ 귯 Ŵ ¼ ũ ȭ ̷ڴ١ ߴ. ӽũ ׽ ǥ  öå SFҼ̾߸ ̷ ƴ١ .

SFҼ κ ȭ Ű ִ. ڴ ̿ ع SFҼ ã´. ̾ M ũ ó ø κ Ҽ̴. ΰ ξ پ κ η پ ϸ, ΰ ̵ ڽŰ Ȱ ΰ Ѵ. κ ǥ Ȱ ޴´. κ ڽ ⿩ϴ ŭ ΰ ϴ ̴.

ڴ κ ΰ ܰ迡 Ѵٸ 뿹 ع 츮 ȸ Ͽ ޾Ƶ̴ ̶ κ ϰ ôϷ зӿ ִ ̶ ̷ 帧 ó ۿ ̶͡ Ѵ.

ѱ

2017.03.24
[]

Ϸ ӽũ SF ϴ°?
SF η ̷ ,
ΰ , ְ߱
ش , ȭ Ƿ
,
2014 ȭ ͽڶ󡯴 1000 ϸ θӱ ŵ ״. Ʋ Ҹ Ź ܰ༺ ãƳ 簡 쿬 伺 αٿ ū Ȧ ,

߰ Ž ܰ༺ ̾߱. Ȧ ߷¿ 鼭 μ ȭǴ ⸦ ȭ.

ͽڶ ع δ ƴ. Ȧ ̷л ̸, Ѵ ص Ҹڵ̳ ܿ ұѵ ¦ . мҼ ۰ Ϻ ڵ Ȧ ũ⸦ Ű Ư̹ ܺ ٸ Ѵ. ּ Ȧ  б ʿ . ¾ ֺ Ȧ . ׷ ͽڶ󡯿 伺 ˵ Ҿ Ÿ Ȧ η ҽ 5 ܰ ׷.

̷ SF(мҼ) ֿ, SF ǰ ִ. 1932 ô 佽 ż衯 ΰ ⺻ Ұ ִ. 1945 Ƽ C.Ŭũ ż񽺸, 1950 ƽø ̷κ ΰ ִ. ̷ Ȳ̴ Ȧ̳ ܰ༺ ش ʴ.

ĮϽƮ SFа SF (߼) Ϸ ӽũ, ο ô븦  õ SF ָϴ ش.

ڴ 4 ȭΰ ΰɺ ۱, ְ б SF ̷ ̸ η ̷ ׷.

ͽڶ ܰ༺ Ž ̾ڸ, ܰ༺ ִ ŷ 2 ߰Ѵص ֱδ ׸ ̴. Ž缱 1ȣδ 74000, 11ȣ δ 12 ɸ. ׾ȵŻε Ͻø 1ȣ ӵ ߻ߴٸ 뿡 ϰ ȴ. ׷ٸ ´ٸ  . SF ã ִ. ٷ Ӱ ̴.  ݺ Ͼ Ͽ ֱ ̴. 긮 Ÿ ΰ(1884), (2011) Ͽ ư .

ġ ȯڵ ϴ Żⱸ õǴ õΰ SF ֿ ǿ õΰ ̰ ִ. 2012 õΰ 250 ܳ. 尡 ̽ Ȱ(1937) 5 , ô Ͽ ̾߱ ðڰ ̷ȸ ڻ ɻ. õΰ ΰ ¡, » ִٴ Ÿ .

һ ε ǰ ִ. ΰ ȭ ڷι̾ п ε, ϼó ϴ ڷθӶ ü ϵ DNAƯ ٲٴ ̴. ׷ٰ ΰ ִ ƴϴ. ֵ Ѻ̱⶧̴. ⿡ SF ٸ ذå ´. ƽø ŵ ڽš ٸ ڿ Ŀ ̾߱⸦ ij´.

ΰ ٸ ̴. ΰ ӿ ִٸ ̴. ư̸ ܰ ̽ϰų ȣ ȭ Ųٵ ؿ ΰ ִ Ư ϴ SF پ ذå Ѵ.

ֱ ڵ 򸮴 ַе ̽ ij ̻ ٸ(1865)ó ۰ Ӹ Դ. ̷δ 1957 3 ټ ؼ̶ ڻ ߰ߵȴ. , б Ǹ ִ Ӿ . ̶ ɼ Ư ߻ϴ ְ ݵ ϸ ׷ ֵ 츮 ִ ָŭ̳ ̶ ̴.

츮 ̿ϸ鼭 ٸ ֵ ߿ Ģ Ǵ ִ. ιƮ A. ζ ֽȸ硯(1940) ش ȥ ø(1956~1969) ׷ ٰ ǰ̴.

å SF â ٰ ̷ ġ SFҼ е ϰ Ҵ.

ط

2017.03.24
[]

̸ мҼ 츮 ̷
̷ а , ֿ, ð, ʱ , , ܰ ü Ҽ ´ мҼ̴. Ī SF(science fiction) .

۰ 1869⿡ ' 2', ۰ Ʈ  1895⿡ 'ŸӸӽ' SF Ҹ. ̵ ǰ Ȳ 踦 ǥѴٴ ⵵ , 㱸 Ǿ ߴ. ̸׸ ̸ ũ 1894 ޸ 1869 װ 12 Ҽ ' 2' Ƽ긦 .

, ÷TV, ...
ĮϽƮ ȳϴ
̷ б η

̷ . ̱ SF ƹ ް 1927 ǥ Ҽ '߸ ' ߴ ÷TV ȭ, ׸ ȭȸǴ ̹ Ű ȴ.

1932 Ⱓ ô 佽 Ҽ ' ż' ó ָ޴ ΰ ⺻ ߴ. 1950 ƽø Ҽ ' κ' ߴ . Ǿ.

ó Ȳ Ƿ ٲ SF ſ 縦 ҰѴ.

ٺ ÷ "̷ ϴ ƴ϶ ϴ "̶ ߴ. , Ŀ ó ű ֵϴ SF ϸ о õ SFǰ ʴ´.

ĮϽƮ SFа SF ǰ ϴ ̷ η 10 츮 ̷ ȳѴ.

÷ ũ Ըϸ 츮 ִ ġ ˷ش. ̸׸ ȭ 'ڵ J'(1995), '6° '(2000) ϴ ι̴. ڴ ι ܰ, ɼ ؿܿ ִٸ ɼ ´.

ó ǻ츮 ſ ̷Ӵ.

å ϴ ̷ ȸ ʷ ɰ б ߴ޷ ΰ ȸ ٷ. ó ޴ SF  ȭ Ӱ  ˷ش. SFҼ '1984' ũ α⸦ ǻ '1984' Ųð ' ' ⼺ü װ Ƿ ΰϴ ߴ. Ƽ ⽺ ̸ "' ' Ŵ ¼ 'ũ ȭ' ̷ڴ" ڽ 濵ö ϱ⵵ ߴ.

ΰ ְ߻ Ϸ ӽũ ٸ  öå SF߸ λ ذ å̾ ڽ ̷ ٰ̾ ִ. ó ó ű ֵϴ ο ô븦  õ SF ϰ ִ.

ڴ Ѵ. " Ƿ ٲٴ ũ Բ ̷ ϴ ִ ٷ SF ̴". 츮 å ΰ(AI), 4 ൵ ̹ SF Ǿٴ ִ. SF ̷ ȣ տ غǾ ִ°?

λϺ
޽
2017.03.24
[]

ΰ ô... SF ȴ
[ ۵ Ҽ]

İ ΰ Ρ '' 'Ʈ' ȭȭ
Ⱓ Ǹŷ 30% ̻ ð 귣 Ī ۾ µ
"SF ۰ "


ǻ ƽþƴ ֱ SF 귣带 ϳ ߴ. ȸ ຸ ǰ迡 ȭ. ̸ ''(Huble). ó װ ߴ ü ڴٴ ߽ . Ѽ ǥ "'Ű' '' 'Ʈ'ó ȭ κ źź SFҼ 찡 " "SFҼ а 繮̶ 򰡵 ð ִ" ߴ. ȭ SF ֱ 弼 Ȯ ִ. ͳݼ 24 , ֱ 5 ߼ SF Ⱓ غ 72 ϸ 32% ߰, ̳ʽ ϴ Ǹŷ 37% پ.

ΰ ô, SF
̱ ̷ ٺ ÷ "̷ ϴ ƴ϶ ϴ "̶ ִ. SFҼ ȣȲ İ, 3D, 4 ο з鼭 Ŀ . 1932 ô 佽 ' ż' ΰ ߰, 1996 źߴ. SF Ƽ Ŭũ 1945 ΰ ż񽺴 1964 ƴ. SF ϴ ̷ â ſ ̴.
13 Ⱓ å 'SF '(߼) SF۰ "SF ߹ȭ SF ü ִ ÿ ǿ Ȯ ִ ҷŰ "̶ ¤. ⿡ Ƽ C. Ŭũ ź 100ֳ ̺Ʈ ġ鼭 Ⱑ ƴ. ϰ Ŭũ '̽ ' ø(Ȳݰ) 2θ . ̿ ߸ ð絵 5 SF 3 ιƮ A. θ ۼ 5 ȹ̴.

޽ũ dz, ȭ ܰ
SFҼ 弼 ȭ ū ƴٴ 򰡴. 2 ȭ 'Ʈ' ̱ ۰ ׵ â ' λ ̾߱'. 10 Ⱓ å 7⸦ 2ΰ ȷ. ȫ SF&Ÿ "ȭ SF 簢 ̲´" "ֱ ǻ翡 SFҼ Ⱓ ؿ ִ" ߴ. SF 뺧 Ҹ 'ް' 2015 ߱ ۰ 'ü'(߲) ǥ ȭȭ ̴.

SFǻ " ÷κ ' DZ ȷȴ' ܱ Ҽ Ⱓ ȹ޴´"鼭 "ȣ ִٴ "̶ ߴ. 쳽 å 'Ʋ' 'ߵ' ' ' 'ͽҽ' ȭ󸶿 DZ ȷȴ.

޿ "SF۰ "
ǰ迡 Ȱϴ ۰ 20 ߻ϰ ִ. ð ִ ϴ. 24 , 5Ⱓ SF Ǹŷ ū 40 ̾. ǻ Ȳݰ ûҳ Ÿ YA(Young Adult) 3 '¡' ø ϰѴ. ְ "SFҼ ƴٴ ̰ ټ ϰ Ϸ "̶ "SF ٴ 븦 ɰ ִ" ߴ. ׸ǻ ǥ ǹȭ ÷ 1~2 'SF ۾' ¸ ߰, 4~5 2⸦ غ ̴. ڴ " ҹ âǷ ʿ ϴ ε ̴߰" ߴ. SF۰ ǰ Ⱓϴ ǻ ¿ ̱Խ ǥ " ''̶ ſ ϵ Ȯ "鼭 "SFҼ ƴ ̱ó ģϰ ֵ ´ٸ 嵵 о "̶ ߴ.

Ϻ

2017.03.30
[]

[å ô]SF
"̷ ϴ ƴ϶ ϴ ̴."( ÷)
SF ̷ . 1932 ô 佽 ' ż' ΰ, 1945 Ƽ C.Ŭũ ü δ ż񽺸, 1964 ƽø '̷κ' ʷ ΰ .

ϱ 20~60 ̴. SF ùķ̼ϸ ̷ ̹ ִٴ Ʋ ʾҴٴ ̴. SF۰ ִ ʴ ̷ ̶ ܿԴ SF ʰ Ƿ Ÿ ش. SF Ѿ ٺ ÷ 巯Ŀ '̷ ' '̷ â' ٴ ȴ.

ICT 踦 ֵϴ ڽ ű ߴ SF Ѵ. 1984 Ƽ ⽺ SFҼ '1984' ũ ڻ . ⼭ ״ "' 귯' Ŵ ¼ ȭ ̷ڴ" ڽ 濵 ö ϱ⵵ ߴ. ΰ ְ߻ Ϸ ӽũ SF λ å̾ ڽ ̷ ̴.

Ƹ â SF۰ 귡 "ִ 츮 '(NO)' Ѵ. ׿ ¸ ϸ '(YES)' ģ" ڽ Ҵ.

å SF ǰ ϴ ̷ ȸ ٽ 10 ߴ. ΰ, , ְ, ȭ ÷ ɼ 󸶳 Ǵ Ըϰ, غؾ ˷ش.

̶ ؼ ߴ ô ִ ΰ Ѵ. , ٸ , ݱ , ٷ SF ǰ  ϰ ִ Ѵ.

SF ϴ ̷ ΰ̶  ϸ 츮 ư ˷ش.

ĮƮ SFа ڴ SF 츮 󸶳 ϰ Ǿ ִ å Ѵ. ʸӷ Ӿ SF б ؾ ̴. ̷ â ˰ ʹٸ å SF å ͵ .

̳ȴ

2017.03.30
[]